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Python tuples - Accessing or updating Values in Tuples

Python Tuples

Python Tuple

Python Tuples

Tuples are used to store multiple items in a single variable.

Tuple is one of 4 built-in data types in Python used to store collections of data, the other 3 are List, Set, and Dictionary, all with different qualities and usage.

A tuple is a collection which is ordered and unchangeable.

Tuples are written with round brackets ()

In [1]:
T = ()
print(T)
()
In [2]:
T = (10,3.14,"Machine Learning",98.34,100,"Python",77)
print(T)
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
  • Tuple items are ordered, unchangeable, and allow duplicate values.
  • Tuple items are indexed, the first item has index [0], the second item has index [1] etc.
  • Tuples are unchangeable, meaning that we cannot change, add or remove items after the tuple has been created.
  • Since tuple are indexed, tuples can have items with the same value:
In [3]:
T[0]
Out[3]:
10

Determine the length and type of a list

In [4]:
print(len(T))
7
In [5]:
print(type(T))
<class 'tuple'>

Access tuple items

  • Tuple items are indexed and you can access them by referring to the index number:
  • Negative indexing means start from the end.
    • 1 refers to the last item, -2 refers to the second last item etc.
  • You can specify a range of indexes by specifying where to start and where to end the range.
In [6]:
T = (10,3.14,"Machine Learning",98.34,100,"Python",77)
print(T)
print(T[:])
print(T[::])
print(T[0])
print(T[2:5])
print(T[2:])
print(T[:5])
print(T[-1])
print(T[-3:])
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
10
('Machine Learning', 98.34, 100)
('Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100)
77
(100, 'Python', 77)

Change Tuple Values

  • Once a tuple is created, you cannot change its values. Tuples are unchangeable, or immutable as it also is called.
  • But there is a workaround. You can convert the tuple into a list, change the list, and convert the list back into a tuple.
In [7]:
print(T)
(10, 3.14, 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)
In [8]:
L = list(T)
L[1] = "Itronix Solutions"

T = tuple(L)
print(T)
(10, 'Itronix Solutions', 'Machine Learning', 98.34, 100, 'Python', 77)

Unpacking a tuple:

In [9]:
a,b,c = ('python',10,45.66)
print(a)
print(b)
print(c)
python
10
45.66

Loop Through a Tuple

  • You can loop through the tuple items by using a for loop.
In [10]:
T = (10,3.14,"Machine Learning",98.34,100,"Python",77)
for item in T:
    print(item)
10
3.14
Machine Learning
98.34
100
Python
77

Loop Through the Index Numbers

In [11]:
for i in range(len(T)):
    print(L[i])
10
Itronix Solutions
Machine Learning
98.34
100
Python
77
In [12]:
for i in range(len(T)):
    print(L[i])
10
Itronix Solutions
Machine Learning
98.34
100
Python
77
In [13]:
T = (10,3.14,"Machine Learning",98.34,100,"Python",77)
i=0
while i < len(T):
    print(T[i])
    i = i + 1
10
3.14
Machine Learning
98.34
100
Python
77

Join Two Tuples

In [14]:
T1 = (1,2,3)
T2 = (4,5,6)
T3 = T1 + T2
print(T3)
(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)

Multiply Tuples

In [15]:
T1 = (1,2,3)
print(T1 * 3)
(1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3)

Count item in Tuple

In [16]:
T1 = (1,45,35,78,35,67,45,25,78,45)
T1.count(45)
Out[16]:
3

Find index of a item in tuple

In [17]:
T1.index(35)
Out[17]:
2

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